3 edition of Leadership, Civil Society and Democratisation in Africa. Case Studies from Eastern Africa found in the catalog.
January 1, 2002 by Dev. Policy Management Forum .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||280|
Conclusion Communities will independence and self-determination when they consider that their value systems are no longer taken sufficiently into account by the society in which they have formed a part and the elites which rule it. Creation of Climate of Peace A climate of peace has to be created in the potential conflict area, and a culture of negotiation has to be developed with all parties. Most participants believed that, in the future, it would be necessary to limit the excessive concentration of power in the hands of the executive in order to ensure some level of accountability through the other branches of government. Israel[ edit ] Israel is a parliamentary democracy represented by a large number of parties, with universal suffrage for all citizens, regardless of race, religion, sex, or sexual orientation, who are of voting age. This raises interesting questions about the role of combined foreign and domestic factors in the process of democratization. Islamic governments[ edit ] The Iranian Revolution of resulted in an electoral system an Islamic Republic with a constitutionbut the system has a limited democracy in practice.
The resources of Nigeria under the civilian rule from were the private hunting ground of those in power and their supporters. In Zaire, for example, one participant mentioned that corruption has been termed a structural fact, with as much as 60 percent of the annual budget misappropriated by the governing elite. Things should be argued in public terms so that everyone can participate on an equal basis. Although, it requires member states to have due regard for human rights and democratisation as enshrined under international law; and also promulgated plethora continental laws aimed at mandating state parties to promote and protect these concepts. Introduction Conflict usually occurs primarily as a result of a clash of interests in the relationship between parties, groups or states, either because they pursuing opposing or incompatible goals.
Thus it came about that it was Sudanese troops who played a large part in the coup, and Sudanese officers commanded key positions in the subsequent military regime. This has been the case in Kenya and Nigeria. At independence, the African governments shied away from making adjustments, and in any case, this was difficult as they did not all reach independence at the same time. Another participant, however, cautioned that decentralization should not be allowed to result in the replacement of authentic, grass roots leaders with party members.
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As such, critics of the government either are intimidated or absorbed. The countries discussed—South Africa, Ghana, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Egypt and Tunisia—represent a diverse set of social and political circumstances and different levels of democratic achievement, providing a rich set of case studies.
He maintained, "When we talk of decentralization, I can tell you that I participated in a number of discussions in my country in which the people of certain regions said they were opposed to decentralization because they were the rich sections of the community and they had the mineral resources.
There is a need for transparency in the advice donors give to African governments. Although there have been a few cases of evaluation studies of such programmes in Africa, a more systematic review of the lessons learnt through these programmes has not been done.
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In this manner, perhaps the reforms even could have been softened. It is also becoming increasingly politicized, as illustrated in Egypt by the domination of elections of the medical, engineering and lawyers associations by the Muslim Brotherhood Ibrahim Consequently, they were of the opinion that the real issue is the absence of institutions capable of tackling corruption.
This argument is sometimes used by undemocratic regimes to justify their failure to implement democratic reforms. What must be noted is that democracy can only be nurtured in a stable and secure society, but cannot be sustained in the midst of social turmoil and political instability.
As one participant illustrated, "ultimately, freedom of the press reflects the freedom of society itself. Creation of Climate of Peace A climate of peace has to be created in the potential conflict area, and a culture of negotiation has to be developed with all parties.
In the quest of attaining the socio-economic development of the continent, the leadership in Africa must endeavour to promote and protect these desirable human needs. The remainder of the book is divided into three main parts: Part One consists of two chapters: A review of African scholarship on university leadership and management and the history and landscape of HELM training in Africa.
In addition, Edward Said labels as 'orientalist' the predominantly Western perception of "intrinsic incompatibility between democratic values and Islam".
In short, they have succeeded by giving voice Leadership those who have been voiceless. Even when policies failed, assistance kept coming. Mediocre leaders continue to militate against the application of human rights and democratisation. Iran[ edit ] History of political systems[ edit ] Historically Iranians were ruled by an absolute monarchy for several thousand yearsat least since the time of the Achaemenid Empire B.
The formal structures in the state are highly centralized, whatever way you look at it. This has been disastrous for the economies in African countries. In the Namibia meeting, one participant was of the opinion that the argument that all of Africa has practiced bad governance "is not an accurate statement.
Can a country, like Ethiopia, staff about 15 different governments? The first extensive work on civil society and democratization in Africa, the book adds new insights to the applicability of democratization theory in a non-Western context, both filling a gap in and adding to the existing universal scholarship.
A prominent figure in this movement is Saad Eddin Ibrahim who advocates and campaigns for democracy in Egypt and the wider region, working with the Ibn Khaldun Centre for Development Studies  and serving on the Board of Advisors for the Project on Middle East Democracy.
Coupled with the debt problem, poor flows of private capital into some African countries, and foreign aid programmes often inefficient, as Neil MacFarlane points out, economic discomfort can bail out into conflict.
These steps, he offered, "could contribute to the emergence of a free and independent press in Africa, with persistent reporting in turn contributing to improved governance. With the developmental problems characterized by Korten as the three great crises of poverty, environment and social integration becoming ever more pressing, globally and in the Arab world, in spite of the rapid advances of democratic procedures worldwide, an exclusive operational focus on limited procedural democracy may be seen to be perilous indeed.The first extensive work on civil society and democratization in Africa, the book adds new insights to the applicability of democratization theory in a non-Western context, both filling a gap in and adding to the existing universal scholarship.
Society-centered views of political and economic transformation have never held the unchallenged sway in Latin America that they have in North America.
The prevalence of “organic statist” models of society that assume a central and relatively autonomous role for Cited by: Women's voices are brought to the fore in this comprehensive analysis of women and social change in North Africa.
Focusing on grass-roots perspectives, readers will gain a rare glimpse into how both the intentional and unintentional actions of men and women contribute to societal transformation.
HSF Background Report South Africa, 1 The changing status of Civil Society Organisations in South Africa, to Dr Marinda Weideman Commissioned and funded by the Hanns Seidel Foundation DISCLAIMER: The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Hanns Seidel Foundation.
CIVIL SOCIETY AND DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION IN AFRICA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF GHANA AND NIGERIA. By Mohammed Majeed the study identifies the imperative for further studies into theorizing civil society in a The research is a comparative case study of two West Africa Countries-.
A collection of papers by legal and constitutional practitioners who assess the experiences of constitution making in Ethiopia, South Africa and Uganda: three countries on the African continent which for various reasons went through a constitutional review process in the early s; and have since implemented new constitutional and laws - effectively a new political order.